Model Kepemimpinan Kristiani Berbasis Teologi Persahabatan

Penilaian Kritis terhadap Kepemimpinan-Pelayan Berdasarkan Teologi Persahabatan

  • Alvian Apriano Gereja Protestan di Indonesia bagian Barat

Abstract

Dewasa ini, diskusi tentang model kepemimpinan kristiani umumnya diidentikan dengan model kepemimpinan pelayan yang diwariskan oleh Robert Greenleaf. Model kepemimpinan ini diklaim kontekstual, karena merepresentasikan model kepemimpinan Yesus yang dilaporkan kitab-kitab Injil. Padahal, Yesus juga menampilkan sisi persahabatan dalam model kepemimpinannya. Di dalam persoalan ini, muncullah pertanyaan-pertanyaan eksistensial-teologis, “Dapatkah kekristenan merealisasikan sebuah model kepemimpinan berbasis persahabatan? Seperti apa kekuatan dan kelemahannya? Bagaimana bentuk dan penerapan modelnya?” Pemikiran Liz Charmichael dan Steve Summers dengan analisa mereka yang kualitatif-teologis terhadap teori dan praktik persahabatan akan membantu menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan tersebut. Pemikiran keduanya akan dielaborasi sehingga menghasilkan empat karakter pemimpin yang bersahabat. Makalah ini hendak menghadirkan model kepemimpinan kristiani berbasis teologi persahabatan berdasarkan penilaian kritis atas konsep kepemimpinan-pelayan guna memperluas khazanah kepemimpinan kristiani yang relevan baik di dalam komunitas gereja dan marketplace.

References

Adiprasetya, J., & Sasongko, N. (2019). A Compassionate Space‐making: Toward a Trinitarian Theology of Friendship. The Ecumenical Review, 71(1-2), 21-31.

Adiprasetya, J. (2018). Pastor as Friend: Reinterpreting Christian Leadership. Dialog, 57(1), 47-52.

Apriano, A. (2018). Pelayanan Bersama Komunitas Sebagai Model Pelayanan Pastoral Berbasis Paradigma Komunal-Kontekstual dalam Teologi Pastoral. KURIOS: Jurnal Teologi dan Pendidikan Agama Kristen, 4(2), 92-106.

Aorora, D. (2009). Konsep Kepemimpinan Servant Leadership Pada Institut Pertanian Bogor.” Skripsi SE., Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Blanchard, K. & Hodges, P. (2003). The Servant Leader: Transforming Your Heart, Head, Hands & Habits. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Inc.

Blanchard, K. (2002). The Heart of Leadership. In Larry Spears & Michele Lawrence (Eds.), Focus on Leadership: Servant-Leadership for the Twenty-First Century, (pp. ix-xii). New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Brown, N. A., & Barker, R. T. (2001). Analysis of the communication components found within the situational leadership model: Toward integration of communication and the model. Journal of technical writing and communication, 31(2), 135-157.

Carmichael, L. (2004). Friendship: Interpreting Christian Love. London: T&T Clark.

Engestrom, T. & Dayton E. (1976). The Art of Management for Christian Leaders. Texas: Word Books Publisher.

France, R. T. (2007). The gospel of Matthew. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing.

Gibbs, E. (2010). Kepemimpinan Gereja Masa Mendatang (T. Siahaan, Trans.). Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia.

Greenleaf, R. K. (2002). Servant Leadership: A Journey into the Nature of Legitimate Power & Greatness. New Jersey: Paulist Press.

Hendriks, J. (2002). Jemaat Vital & Menarik. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Jackson, J. C. (2016). Conversation, Friendship and Transformation: Contemporary and Medieval Voices in a Theology of Discourse. Taylor & Francis.

Lee, H. (1989). Effective Church Leadership: a practical sourcebook. Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress.

Levering, M. (2007). Friendship and Trinitarian Theology: Response to Karen Kilby. International Journal of Systematic Theology, 9(1), 39-54.

Pakpahan, B. J. (2017). To Remember Peacefully: A Christian Perspective of Theology of Remembrance as a Basis of Peaceful Remembrance of Negative Memories. International Journal of Public Theology, 11(2), 236-255.

McIntyre, P. (2012). [Review of the book Exploring Its Implications for the Church in Postmodernity, by S. Summers]. Denver Journal, Apologetics and Ethics, 15. Retrieved from https://denverseminary.edu/the-denver-journal-article/friendship-exploring-its-implications-for-the-church-in-postmodernity/.

Spears, L. C. (2002). Focus on Leadership: Servant-Leadership for the Twenty-First Century. In L. C. Spears & M. Lawrence (Eds.), Tracing the Past, Present, And Future of Servant-Leadership. New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Spears, L. C., & Lawrence, M. (Eds.). (2016). Practicing servant-leadership: Succeeding through trust, bravery, and forgiveness. San Fransisco: John Wiley & Sons.

Summers, S. (2009). Friendship: Exploring Its Implications for the Church in Postmodernity. London: T&T Clark.

Roels, S. (1990). Moving Beyond Servant Leadership. Pasadena: De Pree Leadership Centre.

Ward, P. (2013). Liquid church. Eugenes: Wipf and Stock Publishers.
Published
2020-07-22
How to Cite
Apriano, A. (2020, July 22). Model Kepemimpinan Kristiani Berbasis Teologi Persahabatan. Pengarah: Jurnal Teologi Kristen, 2(2), 102-115. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.36270/pengarah.v2i2.29
Section
Articles