DIALEKTIKA IMAN KRISTEN DAN KEBUDAYAAN INDONESIA DALAM KAJIAN GEERT HOFSTEDE

  • Edi Purwanto Bunda Mulia University
Keywords: christian faith, gospel, culture, hofstede

Abstract

There are many facets of Christian faith, especially for Evangelicalism and Conservativism, which contradict with Indonesian culture according to Hofstede’s study. The aim of this study is synthesizing the dialectics utilizing Christ above Culrture concept of Niebuhr. This method of this study uses Hegel's dialectics to synthesize the dialectical relationship between Indonesian culture and Christian faith. The results of this study are syntheses of: (1) dialectics between individualistic doctrine of salvation and collectivistic of Indonesian culture; (2) dialectic of Christian faith and uncertainty avoidance culture; (3) dialectic of Christian faith on equality and power distance culture, (4 ) the dialectic of masculinity-femininity culture in the Christian faith and femininity of Indonesian culture; and (5) dialectic of long-term and short-term orientation in the Christian faith perspective and Indonesian culture. A number of alternative solutions are also proposed as practical applications of these syntheses for the gospel ministry in Indonesia that cannot avoid interaction with local cultures.

References

Andersen, P. A., M. L. Hecht, G. D. Hoobler, and M. Smallwood. (2003). “Nonverbal Communication Across Cultures,” in Cross-Cultural and Intercultural Communication, W. B. Gudykunst, ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Gudykunst, W. B. (2001). Asian American Ethnicity and Communication. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Hofstede, G., G. J. Hofstede, and M. Minkov (2010). Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind, 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Hofstede, G. (1984). Culture’s consequences. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage

Lavine, T. Z. (2003). Hegel: Revolusi dalam Pemikiran. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Jendela.

Lonner, W.J. and R.S. Malpass. (1994). “When Psychology and Culture Meet: Introduction to Cross-Cultural Psychology,” in Psychology and Culture, W. J. Lonner and R. S. Malpass, eds. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Lukito, D. L. (2011). “The Undending Dialogue of Gospel and Culture” dalam Struging in Hope: A Tribute the Rev. Dr. Eka Darmaputra, editor Ferdinand Suleeman, Adji Ageng Sutama & A. Rajendra. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia.

Malina, B. J. & R. L. Rohrbaugh, (2003). Social-Science Commentary on the Synoptic Gospels. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

Niebuhr, H. R. (1995). Kristus dan Kebudayaan. Jakarta: Petra Jaya.

Purwanto, E. (2016). Manajemen Lintas Kebudayaan. Tangerang: Yayasan Pendidikan Philadelphia.

Purwanto, E. (2018). Moderation Effects of Power Distance on the Relationship Between Job Characteristics, Leadership Empowerment, Employee Participation and Job Satisfaction: A Conceptual Framework, Academy of Strategic Management Journal, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp. 1-9.

Russell, B. (2013). Bertuhan Tanpa Agama: Esai-esai Bertrand Russell tentang Agama, Filsafat dan Sains. Yogyakarta: Resist Book.

Samovar, L. A., R. E. Porter, E. R. McDaniel & C. S. Roy (2013). Communication Between Cultures, Eighth Edition (Boston, MA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Suleeman, F. dan I. Rakhmat (1990). Masihkah Benih Tersimpang? Kumpulan Karangan dalam Rangka Peringatan 50 Tahun Gereja Kristen Indonesia Jawa Barat. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia.

Triandis, H. C. (1990). “Cross-Cultural Studies of Individualism and Collectivism,” in Cross-Cultural Perspectives, J. J. Berman, ed. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.

Ukur, F. (2011). “Teologi Kejelataan” dalam Struging in Hope: A Tribute the Rev. Dr. Eka Darmaputra, editor Ferdinand Suleeman, Adji Ageng Sutama & A. Rajendra. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia .

Wibisono, C. (1990). “Absolutisme Vertikal dan Toleransi Horisontal” dalam Masihkah Benih Tersimpang? Kumpulan Karangan dalam Rangka Peringatan 50 Tahun Gereja Kristen Indonesia Jawa Barat, disunting oleh F. Suleeman dan Ioanes Rakhmat. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia
Published
2019-07-31
How to Cite
Purwanto, E. (2019, July 31). DIALEKTIKA IMAN KRISTEN DAN KEBUDAYAAN INDONESIA DALAM KAJIAN GEERT HOFSTEDE. Pengarah: Jurnal Teologi Kristen, 1(2), 99-111. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.36270/pengarah.v1i2.9
Section
Articles