Pergamus dan Imperial Cult

  • Hermawan Hermawan Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Amanat Agung
Keywords: cult, persecution, pergamum, revelation

Abstract

Bukti-bukti imperial cult sudah ada secara umum dalam literatur-literatur teologi dan biblika. Namun, hadir kajian-kajian baru yang menyatakan bahwa tidak adanya hubungan antara imperial cult dengan penganiayaan orang Kristen. Meresponi kajian-kajian baru tersebut, tulisan ini akan menekankan bahwa kota Pergamus adalah pusat imperial cult di Asia Minor, dan memiliki hubungan dengan penganiyaan orang-orang Kris­ten. Fakta bahwa Pergamus menjadi pusat imperial cult di Asia Minor ditunjukkan oleh kehadiran pemerintah Roma di kota tersebut dengan pembangunan kuil-kuil kultus kaisar, gelar neokoros yang disandang oleh Pergamus sebanyak tiga kali berturut-turut, dan me­lalui bukti-bukti internal dalam Wahyu 2:12-17 yaitu gambaran tahta iblis dan Antipas, Bileam dan Nikolatian serta perang dan kemenangan yang merujuk pada unsur-unsur yang berkaitan dengan kultus kaisar. Artikel ini menerapkan studi literatur yang meliputi analisa teks Alkitab dan kepustakaan.

 

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Published
2020-02-04
How to Cite
Hermawan, H. (2020, February 4). Pergamus dan Imperial Cult. Pengarah: Jurnal Teologi Kristen, 2(1), 51-63. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.36270/pengarah.v2i1.21
Section
Articles